"The Land of the Thunder Dragon", is the best-kept secret in the
travel industry. Due to its relative isolation, the country is not known to
the outside world and until 1960, western visitors rarely visited the
History of Bhutan Himalayas
This mountain kingdom is still perhaps the worlds most exclusive tourist
destination. Situated in the heart of the great Himalayas, the world's
mightiest range; Bhutan is flanked on the north and north west
by Tibet, the plains of North-East India in the south and south west, and
the hills of India's north eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh in the east.
Today still, few people know of the beauty of Bhutan. The few who do visit
this magical place find an ancient Buddhist culture thriving in a landscape
of incredible natural beauty. The mountains are magnificent, the countryside
green, the air pure and unpolluted and the architecture striking.
Physiography of Bhutan
Rocky mountains, captivating valleys, winding rivers, sparkling lakes,
thick forests and the unexplored virginity of nature all make Bhutan a
trekkers' paradise. Trekking is the ideal way to experience rural Bhutanese
culture and uncharted wilderness. Trek routes range from the relatively
effortless day trips to expeditions lasting over weeks. Though rafting in
Bhutan is still underdeveloped, experts who have scouted the rivers are of
the opinion that it has the potential for some of the best rafting on earth.
The normal tourists and trekkers must enjoy the various river programs on
rivers ranging from class 3 to 5. The outstanding ones include Mo Chhu,
upstream of Punakha in eastern Bhutan, and the Ema Datse Canyon on the
Mangde Chhu in central Bhutan.
Vegetation of Bhutan Himalayas
Forests cover over 60 per cent of Bhutan, changing with increasing altitude
from subtropical forests at the lowest altitudes to open juniper and
rhododendron scrub at 4,000-4,500 m. They support much of the country's
biodiversity: 160 species of mammals, 770 of birds, and 5,400 of vascular