Nepal trekking tours will surely enable one to witness the breathtaking views of mighty Himalaya mountains and rich culture of Nepalese.Nepal Himalayas has lots of rugged treks.
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Nepal Trekking

Location : Western Himalayas
Altitude : 4,877m-8,848m
Major Trekking Regions : Everest, Kangchenjunga, Annapurna, Langtang, Mustang
Best Time To Visit : October & November

Trekking in NepalThe Himalayas, the "abode of snows", extends from Assam in eastern India west to Afghanistan. It is a chain of the highest and youngest mountains on earth and it encompasses a region of deep religious and cultural traditions and an amazing diversity of people. A trek in Nepal is a special and rewarding mountain holiday.
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If you have the time and energy to trek, don't miss the opportunity to leave Kathmandu and see the spectacular beauty and the unique culture of Nepal. Fortunately for the visitor, there are still only a few roads extending deeply into the hills, so the only way to truly visit the remote regions of the kingdom is in the slowest and most intimate manner - walking. It requires more time and effort, but the rewards are also greater.

Instead of zipping down a freeway, racing to the next "point of interest," each step provides new and intriguing viewpoints. You will perceive your day as an entity rather than a few highlights strung together by a ribbon of concrete. For the romanticist, each step follows the footsteps of Hillary, Tenzing, Herzog and other Himalayan explorers. If you have neither the patience nor the physical stamina to visit the hills of Nepal on foot, a helicopter flight provides an expensive and unsatisfactory substitute.

Trekking in Nepal will take you through a country that has captured the imagination of mountaineers and explorers for more than 100 years. You will meet people in remote mountain villages whose lifestyle has not changed in generations. Most people trust foreigners.

Gokyo ValleyIsolation is traditionally a crucial element of any wilderness experience but in Nepal it is impossible to get completely away from people, except for short times or at extremely high elevations

While trekking you will see the great diversity of Nepal. Villages embrace many ethnic groups and cultures. The terrain changes from tropical jungle to high glaciated peaks in only 150 km. From the start, the towering peaks of the Himalaya provide one of the highlights of a trek. As your plane approaches Kathmandu these peaks appear to be small clouds on the horizon. The mountains become more definable and seem to reach impossible heights as you get closer and finally land at Kathmandu's Tribhuvan Airport.

Major Trek Routes of Nepal
There are many criteria that might influence your choice of a trek. If you have the time and are in reasonably good condition, the Everest walk-in trek, which allows you a glimpse of both lowland villages as well as the high Himalaya, is the best choice. If time is a constraint, check the various that are less than a week long, or if you don't want to trek to a high elevation, look at the treks listed under low altitude treks. If you are an experienced trekker, and want to go to one of the newly opened regions of Nepal, such as Mustang, look at the list of restricted area treks.

Treks by Region

The Everest Region
The Khumbu or Everest region is the most popular trekking area in Nepal. It would probably be the most popular destination, but it is more difficult to get to Solu Khumbu than to the Annapurna area. To get near Everest, you must either walk for 10 days or fly to Lukla, a remote mountain airstrip where flights are notoriously unreliable.

Solu Khumbu is justifiably famous, not only for its proximity to the world's highest mountain (8848 metres), but also for its Sherpa villages and monasteries. The primary goal of an Everest trek is the Everest base camp at an elevation of about 5340 metres. But you cannot see Everest from the base camp, so most trekkers climb Kala Pattar, an unassuming 5545-metre bump on the southern flank of Pumori (7145 metres).

Everest Expedition Route
This is the best way to do an Everest trek. It follows much of the old approach route followed by Everest expeditions from the 1950's through the 70's. It provides a good opportunity to see the densely populated middle hills and the high altitude splendor of the Khumbu, or Everest, region. The portion of the trek from Jiri to Lukla is often uncrowded, and therefore much better trekking country. From Namche the trek follows the Lukla to Everest base camp route and then flies out from Lukla.

Instant Everest
If your time is limited, you can fly in to the remote mountain airstrip at Lukla and trek to the Sherpa capital of Namche Bazaar, the monastery at Tengpoche and the high yak pasture of Dingboche. This trek provides an overview of Sherpa culture and excellent views of the high Himalaya.

The Khumbu Traverse
This trek offers an alternative to the traditional trek to Everest base camp. Climb past the Sherpa villages of Namche Bazaar and Khumjung to the Gokyo Valley and the Ngozumpa Glacier, the largest in the Nepal Himalaya. From Gokyo Ri four 8000-metre peaks (Cho Oyu, Everest, Lhotse and Makalu) are visible at once. Descend to Phortse, make a high traverse to the village of Pangboche and climb on towards Everest Base Camp. The return route leads through Dingboche and the monastery of Tengpoche before descending the Khumbu Valley to Lukla.

Annapurna Region
Central Nepal is dominated by the Annapurna Himal and the village of Pokhara. There are three major trekking routes in central Nepal: to Jomsom, to Annapurna Sanctuary, and a circuit of the Annapurna Himal itself. Pokhara is also a good starting place for short treks of one to four days, including the "Royal" trek, which is described here. Mustang is also geographically a part of the Annapurna region.

About two-thirds of the trekkers in Nepal visit the Annapurna region. The area is easily accessible, hotels in the hills are plentiful, and treks here offer good scenery of both high mountains and lowland villages.

Jomson Trek
The views of the mountains are spectacular, and the route actually crosses to the other side of the main Himalayan range for some unusual views of the northern flanks. The entire route remains below 3000 metres, though the trek is still strenuous enough to be stimulating (see the Route Profile for the trek around Annapurna). This is a good trek if you wish to avoid high altitudes.

Annapurna Sanctuary
The route to Annapurna Sanctuary (Annapurna Deuthali in Nepali), the site of the Annapurna south face base camp, is a spectacular short trek. Though it has some steep climbs, the trek is not difficult. The major problem with this trek is that it can become impassable because of snow and avalanches in winter and early spring. It is the only major trekking route in Nepal that has significant avalanche danger, so you must inquire locally whether the trail is safe. Some trekkers have died because of avalanches, and others have been stranded in the sanctuary for days. The sanctuary trek traverses a variety of terrain, from lowland villages and rice terraces to glaciers, and offers outstanding high mountain views. This trek is a fine opportunity to surround yourself with Himalayan peaks in a short time, without having to contend with the altitude and flight problems of the Everest region

Central Nepal
A visit to the Langtang Valley offers an opportunity to explore villages, to climb small peaks and to visit glaciers at a comfortably low elevation. Because there are good opportunities for moderate climbing excursions here, allow an extra day for exploration of the extensive glacier system.

Trek back from Langtang to Kathmandu via the holy lakes of Gosainkund at 4300 metres. Thousands of Hindu pilgrims visit the lakes during a full moon festival in August. The lake is also sacred to Buddhists.

Jugal Himal
To the north-east of Kathmandu lies a chain of peaks called Jugal Himal, which includes Dorje Lakpa (6966 metres), Madiya (6257 metres) and Phurbi Chhyachu (6637 metres). The trek starts from the large bazaar of Chautaara (1410 metres), descends to the Balephi Khola, then follows a ridge to Bhairav Kund, a holy lake at 3500 metres. The route then makes a circuit around the head of the Balephi Khola Valley to Panch Pokhari ("five lakes") at 3600 metres. From Panch Pokhari, the trail leads to Tarke Gyang in Helambu, then back to Kathmandu. This is a remote and unfrequented region, despite its proximity to Kathmandu. Treks in this area involve a lot of climbing on narrow trails. There are few villages and no hotels on this route and water is very scarce on the ridge.

Around Manaslu
This trek was officially opened to tourists in 1991, but mountaineering expeditions have long had access to the area. In 1950 a party led by H W Tilman trekked from Thonje to Bimtang and Colonel Jimmy Roberts crossed the Larkya La looking for an interesting mountain to climb. Manaslu (8156 metres) was attempted by Japanese expeditions every year from 1952 until 1956, when the first ascent was made. Having become known as a "Japanese mountain", much of the information about the area was available only in Japanese. The Japanese continued to dominate the climbing scene on Manaslu until 1971.

Eastern Nepal
Trekking goals in eastern Nepal include Makalu base camp, an eastern approach to Everest, and the area near Kanchenjunga. There is endless variety in this part of the country. Most ethnic groups are represented and many villages, such as Dhankuta, Khandbari and Bhojpur, are large, prosperous and clean. The area has hot, rice-growing districts and also encompasses the cooler tea-growing region of Ilam. The heavily populated Middle Hills are gouged by the mighty Arun River which has cut through at an elevation of less than 400 metres. The Arun is flanked by the major mountain massifs of Kanchenjunga and Makalu. Treks here tend to be more expensive, since you and your gear must travel to eastern Nepal by bus or plane. The treks are also longer because it requires two weeks to travel from Dharan to the high mountains. Flying to STOL airstrips at Tumlingtar and Taplejung can shorten the time, but increases the expense.

One of the most spectacular peaks in the region is Jannu (Khumbakarna), at 7710 metres. The Nepalese renamed this peak Khumbakarna in 1984 when a committee Nepalised the names of many peaks. Jannu was also called "Mystery Peak" and "Peak of Terror" by early expeditions. A French team made the first ascent of Jannu in 1962. East of Everest
This trek provides an interesting approach to Solu Khumbu (the Mt Everest region). Tilman, the first foreign visitor to Everest base camp, used this route in 1950. It traverses the width of the country, from the jungles of the terai to the high Himalaya

Kanchenjunga South Baes Camp
The lowland portion of this region is culturally intriguing, but there are few good mountain views. Once the trek reaches the high country south of Kanchenjunga, the mountain scenery is some of the most spectacular in the world. The Kanchenjunga region is the home of the Limbus. Relatives of the Rais, Limbus dominate the region east of the Arun River and few live elsewhere. Limbu men wear a distinctive talltopi, a Nepalese cap that is much more colourful than that worn by other Nepalese

Makalu Base Camp
The trek to Makalu base camp visits one of the most remote and unfrequented areas of Nepal. The Barun Valley is part of a huge international protected area under an agreement between Nepal and China. The trek crosses several high passes as it climbs into the remote Barun Valley at the foot of Makalu, the world's fifth highest mountain

Western Nepal
Many people describe western Nepal as "unexplored", but Westerners have a bad habit of assuming that what is unknown to them is unknown to everyone. Western Nepal has a large population of both Hindus and Buddhists, and the countryside is crisscrossed by trails in all directions. It is remote and unknown from the Western viewpoint because of its relative inaccessibility and its distance from Kathmandu.

The history and anthropology of western Nepal is complex and fascinating. The region is predominantly Hindu. Tibetans make up only a small part of the population, yet they have had a significant influence on the area through trading. Most of the homes are Tibetan style. Their flat roofs covered with packed earth are well suited to the semiarid conditions of the region behind Dhaulagiri.

Jumla to Rara Lake
Rara Lake is the focal point of Rara Lake National Park and is a good destination for a trek in western Nepal. The route is very much "off the beaten track" and affords glimpses of cultures and scenery very different from that in the rest of Nepal. Rara is a clear, high altitude lake ringed with pine, spruce and juniper forests and snowcapped Himalayan peaks. In winter there is often snow on the ridges surrounding the lake. Except for the army assigned to the park, nobody lives at the lake because the government resettled all the people of Rara and Chapra villages when the area was declared a national park.

Jumla to Dolpo
Dolpo is a remote region of Nepal that has been bypassed by development and, until recently, by tourism. Although a few anthropologists and geographers had explored the region, the entire district was closed to trekkers until 1989 when the southern part of Dolpo was opened to organised trekking groups. This trek traverses the interesting trade route from Jumla to Dunai, then visits Phoksumdo Lake and the Tibetan style inner Dolpo region of Tarap before flying back from Dunai to Nepalgunj.
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