in the foothills of the Himalayas, Corbett National Park has extremely
varied topography and vegetation. This gives it a rich diversity of
habitat and natural beauty. Flat valleys are interspersed with hilly
ridges and the Park's rolling grasslands known as the 'Chaurs' provide
visitors with an excellent view of the animals.
The park was established in 1936 as the Hailey National Park, following
the advice of the hunter-naturalist Jim Corbett. The park covered 520
sq. kilometres in 1986, and a proposed extension of 588 sq. kilometres
is under consideration.
A rare and splendid
The Corbett National Park is an excellent and largely inviolate
specimen of the rich dense stands of Sal cloak the higher ridges, mixed
deciduous forests are found throughout the park. Because of its rich
bio- geographic diversity, the Park is a natural haven for the flora and
fauna of the plains, the sub mountainous regions and high altitude
The lifeline of the Park is the sparkling Ramganga river which provides
safe harbour to mahaseer fish, crocodile and other species.
There are over 110 varieties of trees, 51 species of shrubs and over 33
kinds of bamboo and grasses.
A Home for Vanishing species
The protective environment of Corbett Park has kept some endangered
species of the world hit list have been safe and thriving, like the hog
deer which has been virtually saved from extinction.
Project Tiger, which was set up with the help of the World Wildlife
Fund, was launched at Dhikala, in the Corbett National Park on April 1,
1973. This project was aimed at saving the Indian Tiger (Panthera
Tigris) from extinction.
At last count, the numbers had increased substantially. Apart from
Tigers (90 in number in 1984), leopards as well as lesser cats such as
the leopard cat, jungle cat, and fishing cat are also found here. The
sloth bear, Himalayan black bear, dhole, jackal, yellow throated marten,
Himalayan palm civet, Indian grey mongoose, common otter, porcupine,
black naped hare are the other attractions of this area. It is possible
to see elephants all over the park. Corbett is also the only home of the
rare Indian pagolin. Consider yourself supremely blessed if you spot