Bardia National Park is the largest park in the low land Terai covering
an area of 968 sq. km. The park situated in Nepal's Western Terai, was
established to protect representative of ecosystems and to conserve
tigers and its prey species. Initially, a small area was gazetted as the
Royal Karnali Wildlife Reserve in 1976.
In 1982, it was renamed as Royal Bardia Wildlife Reserve, and in 1984
it was extended to its current size. The reserve was given the status of
a National Park in 1988.
The park offers a variety of expererinces in its vast undisturbed
wilderness. About 70% of the forest consists of sal trees with a mixture
of grassland and riverine forest.
A home for endangered Animals
The park is home to endangered animals such as the Bengal tiger, wild
elephant, Greater one-horned rhinoceros, swamp deer, and black buck. The
other endangered species include gharial crocodile, marsh mugger and
Gangetic dolphin. Endangered birds found in the park are-Bengal
florican, lesser florican and sarus crane.
Fauna at Bardia National Park
What makes a visit to Nepal's Royal Bardia National Park particularly
special is not just its large and intact habitat area and its isolated
location, but also the presence here of one of the last known herds of
wild Elephants in South Asia. The herd, numbering less than two dozen,
roams these remote jungles in western Nepal.
More than 30 different mammals, over 200 species of birds and several
species of snakes, lizards and fish have been recorded in the park's
forest, grassland and river. In addition to the resident species,
several migratory birds visit the park