Infomation on Himalaya Mountains and Himalayan Peaks
Since time immemorial, the mighty Himalayan mountains have attracted, many adventurers, tourists and geographers with different aims and objectives. Some came here to reaffirm their superiority by climbing the highest range while some came to study the mysterious formation and some were here to just experience the majestic Himalayan panorama.
Himalayas mountain range stretches from India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet. It has 10 highest peaks of the world, out of which 8 are the part of Nepalese Himalayas.
Five major mountains that form the main chunk of the Himalayan Mountains are Mount Everest, K2 (Austin Godwin), Kanchenjunga, Nanga Parbat Peak and Annapurna.
Mount Everest is mainly located in Nepal and Tibet and in Nepal it is
known as Sagarmatha & as Chomolangma in Tibet. From sea level, it
measures up till 8,850 m (29,035 ft). It lies between 86º55'40"
E Longitude to 27º59'16" N, Latitude. Mount Everest is just one of over 30 Himalayas peaks, that are over 24,000 feet high.
Himalaya is a Sanskrit word, meaning, "abode of snow", which
is so true. The snowfields which dominate many of the peaks in the
Himalayas are permanent. Yes, they never melt (not even in the summer).
That means there are glaciers in the Himalayas - lots of them. Mount
Everest is permanently covered in a layer of ice, topped with snow. The
"top" of the Himalayan mountain at which the elevation was measured can
vary as much as twenty feet or more, depending on how much snow has
fallen on its peak.
The Birth of
a Mountain (Origin of Himalaya)
Mountains aren't just big piles of dirt, they're made of solid rock.
Believe it or not, the rocks that make up the Himalayan mountains used
to be an ancient sea floor. Over millions of years, rivers washed rocks
and soil from existing mountains on the Indian subcontinent and nearby
Asia into a shallow sea where the sediment was deposited on the floor.
Layer upon layer of sediment built up over millions of years until the
pressure and weight of the overlying sediment caused the stuff way down
deep to turn into rock. Then about 40 million years ago, in a process
called "uplifting", the sea floor began to be forced upward
In the mountainous region around Mount Everest, there are four main
climatic zones. The lowest is a forested area, with trees that include
birch, juniper, blue pines, firs and bamboo. Higher up is a zone of
alpine scrub, where plants must remain small and scraggly to survive the
harsh wind and cold. Above that is the upper alpine zone, in which only
lichens and mosses thrive. Finally, above 5,750 m (18,690 ft) is the
Arctic zone, where no vegetation can grow.