or the "Roof of the world" as it is known is not mere a statement
and it can be gauged by the fact that the lowest ranges of Tibet Himalayas
are among the highest mountains. Located 470-kms away from Bhutan at an
average altitude of 4,000 m. April to November is the best month to be here.
History of Tibet Himalayas
Tibet's earliest historical writings coincide with the advent of Buddhism
and the introduction of a
written language during the 7th century. For most of its history, Tibet was
organized under a feudal system fueled by its established trading links with
China, North India, and Nepal. Traditionally Tibet was much larger than it
is today, extending through Central Asia and into China. The region was
independent from 1911 until 1951, despite a limited Chinese presence in
various areas of the country.
Physiography of Tibet
Tibet, like most regions of the Himalayas, is divided into several distinct
terrain's and climates. The country's range of landscapes are extreme,
ranging from lush vegetation to high altitude desert at an average of three
miles above sea level. Brilliant yellow fields of mustard give way to snow
capped Himalayan mountains set against massive expanses of blue sky.
Political Geography of Tibet Himalayas
The Tibetan people are descendants of Central Asian nomads. Most people
live in farming villages in the valleys of the Outer Plateau where the
climate is mild and the land is fertile. Lhasa, the capital, is located in
this region and even in the winter the temperature is not too cold and days
are clear. Those who are not farmers are yak-herding nomads, though to a
certain extent the entire population is mobile.
Tibetan culture is synonymous with Tibetan Buddhism, into which Bon,
Tibet's indigenous religion, and traditional folk rituals honoring local
deities, have been absorbed. Buddhism influences every aspect of daily life
and is evident in the ubiquitous shrines, offerings, and prayer flags
decorating village paths.
The official language of the country is now Chinese, though the Tibetans,
who have become outnumbered in their own land, continue to speak Tibetan.
The Dalai Lama's Government in Exile in Dharamsala, India continues to lobby
the international community to support Tibetan autonomy and basic human